Categories of Evidence

To identify evidence in informational text, find the C.O.D.E.S.!


Author uses comparisons or makes connections between ideas.

Observations and Anecdotes

Author (or cited author) provides an observation or anecdote that explains the main idea.

Descriptions and Definitions

Author defines a term or clarifies a concept to help reader clarify main idea.


Author includes information or quotations from expert source, OR provides a specific example to explain main idea.


Author provides information which may be represented numerically, on tables, graphs, or through illustrations using words and phrases.

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